How To Photograph Dragonflies

How to photograph dragonflies is one of the top most asked questions we receive here at slrphotographyguide.com.

Those new to digital SLR camera’s often believe they need to have an expensive macro lens to take good images of insects such as dragonflies. This isn’t necessarily true. With a few quick tips, it is possible to take detailed photographs of dragonflies, no matter what type of lens you own.

  • The hardest way to photograph dragonflies, is to chase one that is busily flying around. Look for a bush or area where there are lots of them coming and going, then choose to photograph one that is sitting still. Patience is the key here. It might take you a couple of days to capture one that is motionless. When you do, it can be fascinating as they often seem very curious and follow your path with their heads.
  • Better results are achieved if you photograph them side on with an aperture setting of f 5.6 to f 7.1. This will ensure sharp focus from head to tail. You can achieve this with your camera set on either fully manual or aperture priority.
  • When you take the photograph, if you find the shutter speed isn’t at least 1/200th of a second, then you may need to up your camera’s ISO speed. However, it’s not recommended to go higher than 400. If the dragonfly is sitting in a darkened area, then you may need to choose another to photograph.
  • Set your digital SLR camera to continuous mode and shoot several bursts at once. This will improve your chances of at least one image being sharp and in focus.
  • Always focus on the eyes. If the eyes aren’t sharp, the photo loses its impact.
  • The best time to photograph dragonflies is before sunrise. They may have dew on their wings which prevent them from flying.

How to photograph dragonflies with macro lens

How To Photograph Dragonflies Macro Lens

Digital SLR Camera: Canon EOS 400D / Rebel XTi
DSLR Lens: Canon EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM
Exposure (shutter speed): 0.001 sec (1/800)
Aperture: f/5.6
Focal Length: 100mm
ISO Speed: 400
Exposure Program: manual

Camera Settings. How to photograph dragonflies.

An aperture of f/5.6 allowed the dragonflies whole body to be in sharp focus, from the tip of its head to the end of its tail. It’s recommended to keep the aperture in the least at 5.6 and photograph them side on like in this example.

Depending on how far away the background elements are to the dragonfly, you can try numerous apertures, up to and including f/11. The higher the f number, the more that will be in focus. For example, if I had shot this dragonfly at f/11 more of the wing span would have been in sharp focus. However, it’s also important to remember that the higher the f number, the further away the elements behind the dragonfly need to be if you want to achieve a nicely blurred background.

Because dragonflies do move around quite a bit (their head and wings mostly), you need to keep the shutter speed as fast as possible. Keeping the shutter speed at a fast 1/800th of a second, required an ISO of 400. I wouldn’t recommend going higher than 400 because you still want a quality photo. Usually 200 – 400 is sufficient for a fast macro lens, even within the darkest areas. You could also possibly get away with using a shutter speed as low as 1/200th of a second, if the dragonfly is sitting quite still.

How to photograph dragonflies without a macro lens

How to photograph dragonflies with Nikon kit lens

Digital SLR Camera: Nikon D40
DSLR Lens: AF-S DX Zoom Nikor 18-55mm F/3.5- 5.6 G ED II (kit lens)
Exposure (shutter speed): 0.005 sec (1/200)
Aperture: f/5.6
Focal Length: 55mm
ISO Speed: 200
Exposure Program: manual

Camera settings explained

This time the photographer was not using a DSLR macro lens. As you can see, the result is still very good. The camera’s shutter speed was quite fast at 1/200th of a second. The dragonfly was also sitting very still with little movement.

Similar to the first image, the aperture was f/5.6. However, as you can see, the tail end of this one isn’t as focused as the first. This is due to the dragonfly being photographed from an angle and not directly side on. Having said this, the face was the main focal point, therefore making it very detailed.

The main difference between the 2 photographs in these examples, is that when you use a macro lens, you are able to display or print the image out larger than if you had used a wide angled kit lens. Furthermore, there is obviously better detail in the one taken with the macro lens.

However, the second dragonfly is still good quality for beginners who aren’t yet sure if they want to continue with insect photography.

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